Temporal Structure in the Novel “The Killer of Hamza (Qaatil Hamza)” by Najeeb Gillani

البنية الزّمنية في رواية (قاتل حمزة) لنجيب الكيلاني

  • Robina Naz Lecturer, Faculty of Arabic, International Islamic University Islamabad
  • Yaqoob Khan Marwat Professor (R), Department of Arabic, University of Peshawar
Keywords: Temporal paradoxes, Narrative Movements, novel (Killer of Hamza).


Temporal Structure is an essential element of the narrative works as well as a component of narratives. It has become a prominent issue in literary criticism in 20th century. Because time structure plays an enormously important role in the construction of story/novel, the other elements of the novel/story cannot be viewed without temporal space. It is temporal space/structure on which the events of the story are based and rhythm, flow and continuity of the story can be maintained by temporal space. Events cannot exist out of the temporal structure of the story.

This study deals with the temporal structure and its role in the novel “Killer of Hamza” by Najeeb Gillani and attempts to reveal the method of constructing time in the novel by standing on temporal order and temporal paradoxes both types of retrieval and anticipation, as well as the structure of the rhythm of time such as the technique of speeding narration with its movements (The dialogue scene, the descriptive position) and the frequency of the three types (solitary, repetitive, author).  In addition, the study concludes the discussion based on the findings.

How to Cite
Robina Naz and Yaqoob Khan Marwat 2021. Temporal Structure in the Novel “The Killer of Hamza (Qaatil Hamza)” by Najeeb Gillani. Al-Idah . 39, - 1 (Jun. 2021), 113 - 139. DOI:https://doi.org/10.37556/al-idah.039.01.0515.