Minorities Rights in Islamic Laws and United Nations Convention of Minorties (A Comparative Study)

اسلامی قوانین اور اقوام متحدہ کا منشور برائے اقلیتی حقوق 1992میں اقلیتوں کے حقوق کا تقابلی جائزہ

  • Muhammad Muddasar Lecturer, Govt Graduate College for Boys Dinga, Gujrat
  • Riaz Ahmad Saeed Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, NUML, Islamabad
Keywords: Minorities, Fundamental rights, Isalmic Laws, UN charter of 1992, comparison


Islam seeks to establish such a society where all citizens of the state enjoy equal rights and religion does not become the basis for any discrimination. Islamic law holds both Muslims and non-Muslims equal and no superiority or privilege is given to the Muslims on any ground. It is the fundamental principle of Islamic law that it enjoins the similar rights and duties on both Muslim and non-Muslimcitizens without any discrimination. Islam ordains people to worship Allah Almighty but it does not coerce followers of other religions to accept Islam and change their creed. The United Nations recognize that minority rights are essential to protect those who wish to preserve and develop values and practices which they share with other members of their community. The United Nations has gradually developed a number of norms, procedures and mechanisms concerned with minority issues, and the 1992 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities was approved as the fundamental instrument that guides  nations twrods minrties rights. In this article the effort were mad to compare the UN charter of minority rights. The comparative and analytical research methodology was adopted in this research. It is perceived from the study that the UN charter and Islamic law has some similarities about minority rights because it seems basic teachings of this charter of Minorities has been driven from Islamic Law. It is recommended that laws are good but there is need to improve and set practical actions to ensure minorities rights in member countries.

How to Cite
Muhammad Muddasar and Saeed, R.A. 2021. Minorities Rights in Islamic Laws and United Nations Convention of Minorties (A Comparative Study) . Al-Idah . 39, - 1 (Jun. 2021), 187 - 207. DOI:https://doi.org/10.37556/al-idah.039.01.0565.